Like Paris, Yucatan is a party! Their customs and traditions stand out for their art, humor, values and deep respect for the beliefs of the ancestors ...
Festivities that make the life in Merida in a fiction.
Yucatan customs and traditions stand out for its various religious celebrations and interesting indigenous festivities.
Yucatan is a distinctive and emblematic region due to the synchrony between the Mayan culture and the European culture.
The Yucatecan population enjoys a large number of centuries-old traditions that have been passed down from generation to generation and are related to daily life.
Yucatan's culture is rich and diverse. Its towns are the cradle of customs and varied celebrations, some more pompous and others more harmonious or exotic.
If we take into account dances, meals, festivities, celebrations, music and typical clothing, Yucatan is one of the tourist destinations with the greatest cultural wealth in the region.
Among the main customs and traditions of Yucatan is the Jarana, which is the typical dance of the state.
This musical style is characterized by its cheerful music, which combines European rhythms with indigenous sounds.
La Jarana is one of the most important Yucatan customs. During the dance an element to highlight is the colorful costumes: huipiles and suits that, without a doubt, are a pride for the Yucatecans.
Vaquería: the Yucatecan rodeo
Another of the Yucatan traditions is the dairy. Popular in Mexico, they include dance acts, music, traditional food and of course: horse shows and even bullfights.
Also, as part of the Yucatan customs, during these days they listen to the famous "bombs", funny poems, which include some Mayan words and are inspired by Yucatecan idiosyncrasy.
Yucatecan music and song
Land of famous composers, the Yucatecan song shone last century.
Of important European and Cuban influence, genres such as bolero, guaracha and bambuco, with Colombian roots, stand out.
Some notable composers are Antonio Hoil, Armando Manzanero, Cirilo Baqueiro and Sergio Esquivel
Listening to Yucatan trova and doing it in the Plaza Grande, in Mérida, is another of the Yucatan's traditions and customs.
The roots of this music are found in Yucatan, Cuba and Colombia. They are mostly ballads accompanied by guitar, generally sung by male voices, and are romantic in nature.
Trova groups are made up of three or four musicians and you will see them at night, if you visit Plaza Grande.
Go shine your shoes with the shoeshine are other of the Yucatan customs.
This Yucatecan habit of shining shoes is very old and it dates back to the 1930s and '40s, when men reportedly wanted the sparkly dance shoes to appeal to dance partners at parties.
At present, the shoe shine job It still survives and you can find several people offering that service in the Plaza Grande and other parks, including Los Portales, Parque Hidalgo and Parque de la Madre. Also some in Paso de Montejo.
Did you know? Some historical figures, singers and even presidents, started as shoe shiners or also known as shoe shine.
If you have not tried it, it is a good way to relax, read the newspaper, or listen to some of its wonderful stories, because these shoeshine men are encyclopedic urban storytellers and they know all the stories of the city.
Yucatan traditional costumes
Regional costumes are other of the Yucatan customs.
Colorful and colorful they complement not only dances and festivities, but they are part of the daily life of Yucatecan people.
Two examples are the huipil and the guayabera.
Over time, the typical costumes of Yucatan have undergone modifications and additions.
However, they continue to maintain the ancient heritage of the Mayan culture, the Spanish and Caribbean influence.
Within the Yucatan traditions the huipil is the most emblematic. Its origin dates back to pre-Hispanic times.
It is common among indigenous mexican women and they are distinguished by their simple and practical design.
The huipiles are made by themselves and have fabulous embroidery. They can be short or long, with geometric embroidery, inspired by animals or with flowers.
Women not only wear the huipil, for some important celebration or meeting: they are part of everyday life.
Between the men, the guayabera is the most popular garment. The guayabera, is the garment par excellence used in tropical climates.
It is a symbol of elegance. He arrived in the region at the beginning of the 20th century and is of Cuban origin.
The distinction of Yucatecan food
Mosaic of flavors and aromas, within the customs of Yucatan we must not forget the prestigious Yucatecan gastronomy.
There are a variety of regional dishes that are distinguished by their tasty ingredients from the Yucatan land, such as red onion, annatto, habanero pepper, pepita or epazote among many others.
Its traditional drinks and desserts also stand out, mostly made with fruits from the region.
The most important indigenous festivals
Mayan heritage is one of the hallmarks of Yucatan.
There are dozens of Yucatan festivals and customs transmitted by the Mayan culture.
Each town has its own celebrations and celebrations.
One of the most famous is the Hanal Pixán. During that day of veneration for the dead, candles, resins are lit and they offer tasty banquets in their memory.
Another Yucatan custom is the festival of spring equinox. It is celebrated from March 19-21 each year at the foot of the Kukulcán pyramid.
It is also a reason for celebration autumn equinox, which takes place from September 20 to 22, in Chichén Itzá.
Colors of nature
Made from leaves, roots and bark of the region's trees, dyes are a tradition that has been passed down from generation to generation among the indigenous peoples of Mexico.
In many Mayan populations this custom still survives.
Trees such as Tzalam are used, from which a pale red is obtained, Sabacché, which is distinguished by its intense golden yellow, Tamay, characteristic for its orange and Cho´O, which is used to produce blue.
The customs in Yucatan are colorful, like their crafts and dyes.
Religious celebrations are one of the most famous Yucatan beliefs.
Celebrations in honor of the patron saints of each town are held throughout the year in different cities.
For the most part, these celebrations usually last up to seven days.
The patron saint of Yucatan is the Lady of the Immaculate Conception.
So every December 8, Mama Linda is celebrated, as she is commonly known among the faithful.
These preparations take several weeks in advance and begin in late November. Among the celebrations, the masses and the traditional serenade stand out.
Another religious figure highly revered among Yucatecans is the image of San Antonio de Padua.
In June, which is when the Saint of Padua is celebrated, people usually go to mass and attend the processions.
Christmas is coming, the Ramada is coming
In December the streets of the capital and the Yucatecan towns begin to transmit the Christmas spirit.
At this time it is very common to see children walking through the streets with a tree branch in hand, an image of the Virgin Mary and a box to save money.
Between December 1-11, it is very common that you find them, accompanied by parents and friends, asking for money to make their own inn.
The funny thing is that as they move through the streets they sing Christmas songs.
It is one of the most anticipated Yucatan customs. It is done from December 12th, with the celebrations of the Virgin of Guadalupe, on January 6, which is the day of Three Kings.
Guadalupe Reyes Day is a time when you spend with the family eating the rosca de reyes.
A fact of color: the Easter thread has a plastic doll of the baby Jesus inside.
When the portions are cut, whoever the figure touches, must bring the tamales to eat on February 2, Candlemas day.
All year is carnival
And if it is about customs and traditions in Yucatan, the Merida Carnival, without a doubt, has a preferential place. It is not Rio, nor is New Orleans Merida and here Carnival has its own seal.
The celebrations begin the weekend before Lent, which is linked to Easter.
It is carried out in a property destined for that purpose in Xmatkuil, a town a few kilometers from Mérida.
However, some of the celebrations take place in the center, such as the children's parades.
There are also parades of allegorical cars, with artistic figures, contests of Kings and Kings and artistic shows among many other activities.
Easter: Masses, pilgrimages and Lent
Another custom in Yucatan and Mexico is to celebrate Lent or Easter.
During on Easter days the Yucatecans usually attend mass and continue Lent avoiding eating meat.
Furthermore, from the Palm Sunday to Good Friday or Easter Sunday various celebrations are always held. From a simple procession to the recreation of the Crucifixion.
During Lent, one of the Yucatan customs is to gather together as a family and taste typical dishes based on fish or the traditional Brazo de Reina, which is a variety of tamale.
More Yucatan traditions and customs
Using Mayan words when speaking in Spanish
Very common in many parts of Yucatan, the combination of Mayan and Spanish words are used simultaneously.
This is one of the many examples of the synchrony of cultures.
Habañero pepper, To bites!
The habanero pepper is one of the spiciest. However, for Yucatecans that is not a problem. Bitten off, it tastes better! and in the food and customs of Yucatan they are very important.
beer, salt, lemon, Clamato and ice!
In Yucatan drinking beer is like drinking water and if the chela has an extra ingredient, much better!
Barefoot come onwe walk barefoot
If you are Yucatecan and you are at home, surely you are barefoot. And is not for less.
Due to the heat, it is customary to wear as little clothing as possible and starting at the feet is a very good start.
This is one of the most popular Yucatan customs. In case you did not know: if you are in Yucatan, a bed is not necessary to sleep.
Well it's the hammock kingdom. Comfortable, fresh and very practical they can also be addictive.
Regional theater to cry with laughter
It includes Mayan words and very regional concepts, so it is unique.
A Yucatecan joke is second to none.
Snacks, varied, generous and free with a chela. Food and chela are an irreplaceable combo.
Take a tour of the bars and canteens of Yucatan and you will see it with each beer and Bomba! Health!
As you can see, the traditions and customs of Yucatan are numerous.
There are religious, festive or based on ancestral beliefs. They can be shared with family or friends or accompanied by music, dance, food, aromas and lots of color. What other Yucatan tradition or custom do you know?
Do you know Merida on Sunday?