If you have a house in Mérida or you live in a city where high temperatures are the daily bread and you plan to have a garden or even worse: you already have a garden, there are several tricks that you can apply to keep your plants fresh and even to decrease your water consumption.
Tips to keep a garden in high temperatures
1. Put a windbreaker
Not only can the wind damage plants, it also causes the moisture in the soil to evaporate.
The solution to this is to install or grow windbreaks in your garden. Windbreaks do not need to be solid and stop all wind. They can be made from plant fences.
To make them consider tall species and shorter perennials that do not cause too much shade in your garden, such as berry bushes or fruit trees.
Do not forget to place them perpendicular to the direction of the wind.
2. Invest in a shade cloth
If you plan to have a small garden in your garden, it is recommended that you invest in a shade cloth, since it can be super useful to keep some fresh plants such as peas and spinach.
It can also be used in seeds such as lettuce, which prefer cool soils to germinate.
3. Use a lot of mulch
Mulch is one of the easiest ways to keep soil temperatures cooler and humidity levels high.
Without a doubt, it is a great option if you are going to live in Mérida and wonder how to take care of a garden in its peculiar and incandescent climate.
4. Water your garden constantly
Obviously due to the weather you will have to work hard to keep the soil conditions moist.
If you must cover a large area, invest in an efficient irrigation system. Don't forget to water early, in the morning, or late in the day.
5. Get benefits from climbing plants
Did you know that locating climbing plants, under taller plants, helps to make the most of your space and keep the soil cool? Climbing plants, like bougainvilleas, have many advantages: They will shade the ground, block weeds, and hold in moisture once they are extensive enough.
6. Build a trellis or invest in a pergola
Build a trellis or include a pergola for climbing plants. These trellises are generally built with a certain slope. That way, they provide maximum shade. In addition, for a garden, they are a very attractive ornamental element.
7. Transplant the plants at the right times
If you are transplanting plants into your garden, it is best to avoid heat and sun as much as possible, for your sake and that of the plant! Do that activity early in the morning, late at night, or on a cloudy day for better results.
8. Choose species from the area
If you live in Mérida, plant species that can withstand the heat and are indigenous. That way, they will be better preserved and will not take too much maintenance.
9. Do good soil and crop management
Whenever you garden, you should think about how to keep your soil and plants healthy. Doing maintenance work and applying compost regularly will keep the soil and plants in good condition. It's a fact: well-fed, disease-free plants will tolerate the stresses of the weather much better.
10. Save, reuse and collect rainwater
Saving water is essential. Do not waste this resource and collect rainwater to water your garden or meet other needs.
Gardening is never easy, but hot weather can be especially tricky for your plants. Therefore, if you are going to move to Mérida, Yucatán, remember to put these tips into practice to have a healthy and productive garden even in hot climates.